High arch’s feet are also called Cavus feet. They are called so because the arch is lifted slightly higher than the average person. High arched people are less common than other neurological disorders of the feet.
Before you read the causes of the problem of high arches, it is essential to detect their onset at each age. High arched feet are more common in women than in men. According to WebMD research, 68% of women and 20 % of men have high arches. Detection of a high arch doesn’t need to be successful at an early age.
Those who inherit Cavus’ feet are most likely to have it throughout their life. In a search, it was proven that if you develop high arches before 60, that is because of genetics. After that age longitude of the arch increases because of the underlying conditions that you might have developed.
Why is the analysis necessary?
Hereditary arch is not very painful, and there is less likely that it might progress. However, other conditions can cause real excruciating pain, and if left untreated, you can produce a further change in the shape of the bone and muscles. The most other reasons are neurological disorders and medical conditions that result in paralysis and locking of the leg’s thick muscles. If the muscles that are attached to the arch are affected, then you might need surgery to fix high arches.
Problems caused due to neurological disorders:
Let’s talk about major neurological disorders that can initiate Cavus Feet. Target points are the tendons dominating the motion forces of feet in walking. However, each disorder affects a respective area, which then contributes to the worsening of the state.
Cerebral palsy is a condition common in children. It causes plantar flexion deformities in feet due to which they point downward. This automatically increases the arch’s height like specific foot deformities Pes Cavus, which is our topic. Weak muscles snatch your ability of free movement and balancing.
Charcot Marie Tooth Disease:
It is a motor and sensory neuropathy disease which results in loss of sensation to muscles. This condition increases slowly; first, you feel weak muscles and then no sensation. It not only causes a higher arch but hammer toes as well. Due to less electrical nerve activity, you cannot effectively relax your feet.
Spina bifida is a neural tube effect of the central nervous system of newborn babies. The posterior vertebral arches have nerves that are connected to the feet for mobility. When they are affected, you face inward rolling and increase in the longitudinal arch. If you do not exercise regularly, then you may face pain.
It is most common in kids, and immediate physical therapy and spinal surgery are recommended.
A high arch is not only responsible because of the muscles but bones and ligaments. The natural musculoskeletal system may be rigid, but years of strain can cause conditions like distortion. That happens in stroke when the blood stops flowing to the posterior fibularis longus.
Sharp tugging from the hips to the metatarsals decreases the surface area of feet and increases arch height.
Further problems due to symptoms:
More serious arch problems do not stop there. The conditions mentioned above produce physical effects that alter your running and walking. Each abnormality is mentioned in detail, and notice how what part affects which type of movement.
Your heel connects the back of feet to the toes through a thick muscle at the base. Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of that muscle (Plantar Fascia). The pain spreads to the entire feet, and resting becomes uneasy, inflamed heels get numb at first, and when you sit, slow stabbing pain forms.
Claw toes are what they have named after. Your feet curve inward, and standing with toes like that gets impossible, especially for a long duration. Walking with curls toes becomes difficult because there is a constant inward streamlining of force towards the arch, which is already higher. However, that can be changed by orthotic walking shoes.
Metatarsalgia is the hard muscle formation in the balls of the feet. The pain starts from the ball and radiates towards the metatarsals or toes. It is like a burning pain, and because of hardening, you might feel like there is a pebble underneath the front of your feet. It does not cause much problem while sitting other than the dull pain.
However, when you stand and walk because of the sensitive area’s pressure, you are more hobbling than walking to avoid more damage. Your knee and hip joints are prone to twisting and pain.
The weakening of ankle bones:
If your feet are unable to distribute actual weight, then the upward extremities are not affected. Each stumbles and hobble strikes the ankle bone which, after some time, weakens and swells. However, if you would not take adequate measures any time soon, then you might face a sudden ankle twist. The Achilles tendon directly at the back of the ankle might tear and cost you your professional athletic career!
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Foot Health Facts -High Arch
Healthline research –William Morris PD.