To answer your question, Bunions do not cause knee pain; however, that is accompanied by a big BUT!
Bunions are a foot deformity of the metatarsophalangeal joint at the base of the big toe. It is a progressive foot deformity caused due to soft tissue and bone outgrowth. A lump is formed, which is inflamed and painful to touch.
Bunions can cause discomfort and hindrance in everyday walking. You are not the only one with this problem as most athletes or skiers have also complained about this problem. Most adult population faces this issue every day, and that is why pediatricians and doctors have done extensive research on bunions.
Bunions may not cause knee pain, but they are a source of underlying medical foot conditions combined with the bunion aggravating knee, leg, and hip joint pain. So, the possibility of knee pain is not out of context!
Studies have shown that people with Hallux Valgus have complained about the altered social and physical life because bunions are progressive and can come back. Most people do not adhere strictly to the conditions and then develop them in later life with many complications like lower back pain and affected knee joints.
“Our findings indicate that hallux valgus is a significant and disabling musculoskeletal condition that affects overall quality of life,” says Hylton Menz, an associate professor at LA Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia, in a news release. “Interventions to correct or slow the progression of the deformity offer patients beneficial outcomes beyond merely localized pain relief.”
Bunions and Knee Pain:
Before discussing the effect of bunions and knee pain, you should know that the topic is beyond these two factors.
Bunions are likely to develop in women and Arthritis patients. The hormonal imbalance and delayed healing of the joints aggravated the bunions to cause knee pain.
If there is no involvement of factors like little show wear and high heels, then bunion will not form. On top of that, if you already have a bunions and you continue ignoring it, then the factors catalyze the pain to spread from the toes to the arch of the feet and then the lower extremities.
You see, that bunion itself has little hold over the spread of pain. There is no muscle joining the metatarsophalangeal joint to the big toe. So, bunions themselves are not enough to cause discomfort in the knee and hip joints. Bunions are localized, and the pain is intermittent or chronic.
However, the progression of bunions due to negligence causes the toenails to invert. Along with that, there is an enlargement of the bone and misalignment of soft tissues. You can also get a fluid filled sac Bursa that causes redness, itching, and swelling when inflamed.
There is more to bunions than what meets the eyes. So, the cause of the bunion is what causes knee pain. You can say that if the bunion is left alone, it will not cause pain. However, I would suggest treating the bunion to avoid potential problems!
The solution of Bunion induced Knee Pain:
Most orthopedics and pediatricians suggest treatment of bunions is effective and successful. Surgical or not, you can restore your foot shape depending on the intensity of the angle of joint separation.
Wide shoes and orthotics support like night splints help the bunions. Toe separates keep the toes straight, and physical exercises like toe stretching, towel method, and the ball rolling help strengthen the foot muscles.
Hereditary bunions are resistant and commonly treated through surgeries. Surgery should be your last option after trying all the natural ways. To make you feel better, the probability of successful surgeries is high. As much as they can be a nuisance, they help treat and permanently reduce bunions.
Contact your doctors and get a physical check before you make any decisions. It cannot be denied that the feet have a strong connection with the knees. Ignorance can lead to more significant problems. Read more about the natural ways of treating bunions and their mechanism in our other blogs!
+ 3 Sources:
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Bunions -Mayo clinic.
Foot Conditions –Discussion.